Concept of essential medicines Veselības projekti Latvijai

Concept of essential medicines

Nobody can give a brief and simple answer to the question what amount of medicines is required for the health care. Needs of different countries differ, but there is no doubt that certain medicines are more significant than others. In 1975, the World Health Organization (WHO) started popularizing the concept of essential medicines. The first Model List of Essential Drugs was published in 1977 and included 250 essentially required medicines for the treatment diseases and pathological conditions. The idea that fewer drugs give a greater effect in treatment and are also helpful in saving money has stood the test of time.

The concept of essential medicines has a universal application. The industrially developed countries can also gain from a list of restricted medicines. At present, 370 essential drugs treating 90% of diseases are approved by WHO. It is important for the physicians and pharmacists to join and select the used drugs and work out the medication formulary. Should the drug prescription be based on the scientifically grounded agreement and not aggressive and prejudiced advertising of the pharmaceutical industry, the consumers would have gained much. Also governments of countries would have been gainers having reduced the drug costs and avoiding expensive, inexpedient or irrational medicines.

recommendations for operation:

  • To improve the WHO Essential Drug Program role in the process;
  • The governments should make and revise on a regular basis the list of essential drugs and take care that the health care workers develop local formularies and medical treatment guidelines.

When citing, reference to the Society Veselības projekti Latvijai is obligatory.