Antibiotics Veselības projekti Latvijai

Antibiotics

Antibiotics belong to the drugs, which, in a combination with other public health care approaches, have a potentially greatest significance, as they are able to heal up at the shortest time the life threatening infectious diseases. But there is a lastingly urgent matter of proper use of antibiotics and effects of improper or irresponsible use of the drug. As a result of excessively wide and improper use of antibiotics, antibiotic resistance of bacteria increases. It means that the antibiotics used for decades for treatment of any particular disease have no effect on bacteria any more and the series of treatment becomes ineffective. The disease aggravates, the patient's state worsens and the harm caused by bacteria becomes graver. It is witnessed by researches that resistant bacteria more often become the reason of the patient's death.

A person can be also hospitalized in connection with side effects of the use of antibiotics. Allergic reactions could cause a person's death and toxic effect of drugs could cause essential damages of internal organs. There are about 2 kg of bacteria in a healthy adult's body, which play a beneficial role in the support of immunity, digestion and other vital functions. Pointless use of antibiotics could destroy a large number of useful bacteria. One should always remember that we cannot assess in full the complex effect of these drugs.

Of course, if a person fells ill with bacterial infection, it is impossible to escape using antibiotics, but we can reduce the affect of these drugs avoiding its use without need. Data of the world studies show that antibiotics are used without need in 30–40 % cases.

REMEMBER:

  • Antibiotics do not treat viral infections - they have no effect on viruses; therefore, if an illness is caused by viruses, it is senselessly to use these drugs.
  • When antibiotics are used for treatment of viral diseases, the risk of getting another infection could be increased, as they annihilate the normal microflora of the body.

Of course, the decisive role in both prescription and determination of the length of use of antibiotics is attributed to the physician. An informed and educated patient must better appreciate in what cases the physician prescribes antibiotics. One should ask whether the particular drug is of a wide or narrow spectrum. As a rule, antibiotics of a wide spectrum are more expensive and facilitate stronger the bacterial resistance, but physicians are often pressed by pharmaceutical companies to prescribe just these ones. Drugs of a narrow spectrum often suit for the treatment of simple bacterial diseases; these are less expensive and aim at destruction of a particular microorganism. In such events, expensive antibiotics of a wide spectrum are just a waste of money. Unfortunately, it often appears that such less expensive antibiotics are not even registered in Latvia, as they do not make a source of considerable profit because of their low price. But there are known mechanisms in the international experience, when the state can interfere in the situation and be helpful.

When citing, reference to the Society Veselības projekti Latvijai is obligatory.